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Disinfection and sterilisation control measures in the optometric office

INTRODUCTION Optometrists have an obligation to take reasonable precautionary measures to ensure that their patients and staff are not exposed to infection, while attending or working in the practice. Understanding the vectors and the mechanism of the spread of infection will assist them in minimising the risk of transmission of infection

Optometric business entities and professional indemnity

-Ed In a nut shell, when it comes to ownership of an optometric practice, there are two fundamental issues at play. The rules are intended to protect the public against persons or entities not governed by the professional medical code. They may be driven by financial reward and may not always

Bringing photophobia into the spotlight

Abstract Photophobia is a sensitivity or intolerance to light, causing mild to severe discomfort, pain and the need to squint or close the eyes. It can be caused by all types of light sources, including fluorescent, incandescent light, and the bright rays of the sun. The author discusses a number of

Balancing Employment Law and the Ethical Rules of the HPCSA Introduction Running a health professions practice means running a business, which is subject to various business and business law requirements. In addition to these requirements, health legislation places additional requirements on health professionals (such as optometrists), unique to health practices and facilities. Labour Law Finding the right employees, is one of the most

Custom Designed Ocular Prosthesis – How it is done

When getting an eye prosthesis for the first time, it can be a very nerve-wracking experience for patients, as they have usually been through an evisceration (removing the contents of the eye) or enucleation (removing the complete eye). The first session often requires time to set the patient’s mind at

Case Report: Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

The Case Report A 58-year old white male, presented with sudden, painless onset of blurred central vision in his right eye, two days prior to the visit, with no other associated symptoms. He described the vision in his right eye as ‘smudgy’, as if someone had used a khoki pen at

What is the Effect of a Contact Lens on the Tear Film?

By Sasha Lee Price, Final year B Optom student University of Johannesburg, Department of Optometry Reviewed by Dr Dirk J Booysen, Lecturer (Contact Lenses), University of Johannesburg, Department of Optometry Introduction The tear film plays a vital role in ocular health (Nong and Anderson, 2010),vision and the maintenance of a uniform optical

Future Developments in Contact Lenses

INTRODUCTION The concept of a contact lens was first attributed to Leonardo da Vinci in 1508, but the first wearable contact lens to correct vision was only developed in 1888 by Adolf Fick. There have been many advances in contact lens designs and materials since the original glass lens that covered

The use of Reverse Geometry Lenses in Modern Contact Lenses

INTRODUCTION Reverse geometry lenses are synonymous with modern overnight orthokeratology. However, this design concept has various applications now incorporated in corneal rigid gas permeable (RGP) and scleral lenses for irregular astigmatism, keratoconus, pellucid marginal degeneration, Terrien’s marginal degeneration, keratoglobus, post-keratoplasty and refractive surgery patients. WHAT IS A REVERSE GEOMETRY LENS? In a conventional